Definitions

 

THE CANTONMENTS ACT, 1924 (ACT II OF 1924]

 

In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context-

 

(i)     “Board" means a Cantonment Board constituted under this Act;

(i-a)  "boundary wall" means a wall which abuts on a street and which does not exceed [two and a half meters in height"]

 

(ii)    "Building" means a house, out-house, stable, latrine shed, hut or other  roofed structure whether of masonry, brick, wood, mud, metal or other material, any part thereof, and includes a well and a wall (other than a boundary wall) but does not include a tent or other portable and temporary shelter;]

 

(iii)   ["civil area" means an area declared to be a civil area by the Central Government under Section 43-A.]

 

(iv)   ["civil area committee" means a committee appointed under Section 43-A]

 

(v)    "Command" means one of the Commands into which India is for military purposes for the time being divided, and includes any area which the Central Government may be notification in the official Gazette, declare to be a Command for all or any of the purposes of this Act;

 

(vi-a) "Defence Estates Officer" means the officer appointed by the Central Government to perform the duties of the Defence Estates Officer for the purposes of this Act and the rules made there under;

 

(vi-b) ["Director" means the officer appointed by the Central Government to perform the duties  of the Director, Defense Lands and Cantonments, the Command, for the purposes of this Act and the rules made there under and includes the Joint Director;]

 

(vii)  "Executive Engineer" means [the officer of the Military Engineer Services of that grade,] having charges of the military works in a cantonment, [or where more than one such Officer has charge of the military works in a cantonment such one of those officers as the Officer Commanding the station may designate in this behalf,] and includes the officer of whatever grade in immediate executive engineer charge of a cantonment;

 

(viii)  "Executive Officer" means the person appointed under this Act to be the Executive Officer of a cantonment;

 

(ix)   "Forces" means the Army, Navy and Air Force, or any part of any one or more of them;

 

(x)    "Hospital includes family welfare centre, child welfare centre, maternity center  and health centre;

 

(xi)   "Hut" means any building, no material portion of which above the plinth level is constructed of masonry or of squared timber framing or of iron framing;

 

(xii)   "infectious or cantagious disease" means cholera, leprosy, enteric fever, small-pox, tuberculosis, diptheria, plague, influenza, veneral disease, and any other epidemic, endemic or infectious disease which the [Central Government ] may, by notification in the [Official Gazette] declare to be, an infectious or contagious disease for the purposes of this Act;

 

(xiii)  ["lower grade employee" means daftry, peon, bhisti, mali, lamplighter, chowkidar, mazdoor or safaiwala or any other employee declared by the Central Government to be lower grade employee for the purposes of this Act.]

 

(xiv)  ["market" includes any place where persons assemble for the sale of, or for the purpose of exposing for sale, meat, fish, fruits, vegitables, animals intended for human food or any other articles of human food whatsoever, with or without the consent of the owner of such place notwithstanding that there may be no common regulation for the concourse of buyers and sellers and whether or not any control is exercised over the business of, or the persons frequenting, the market by the owner of the place or by any other person, but shall not include a single shop or group of shops not being more than six in number and shops within unit lines]

    

(xv)   ["nuisance" includes  any act, ommission, place, animal or thing which causes or is likely to cause injury, danger; annoyance or offence to the sense of sight, smell or hearing or disturbance to rest or sleep, or which is or may be dangerous to life or injurious  to health or property;]

 

(xvi)  "occupier" includes an owner in occupation of, or otherwise using his own  land or building;

 

(xvii) "owner" includes any person who is receiving or is entitled  to receive the rent of any building or land whether on his own account or on behalf or himself and others or an agent or trustee, or who would so receive the rent  or be entitled to receive it if the building or land were let to a tenant;

  

(xviii)"partly wall" means a wall forming part of a building and used or  constructed to be used for the support or separation of adjoining buildings belongings to different owners, or constructed or adapted to be occupied by different persons;

 

(xix)  "private market" means a market which is not maintained by a [Board] and which is licensed  by a Board under the provisions of this Act;

 

(xx)   "private slaughter house" means a slaughter house which is not maintained by a [Board] and which is licensed by a Board under the provisions of this Act;

 

(xxi)   "public market" means a market maintained by a Board;

 

(xxii) "public place" means any place which is open to the use and enjoyment of the public, whether it is actually  used or enjoyed by the public or not;

 

(xxiii) "public slaughter house" means a slaughter-house maintained by a [Board];

 

(xxiii-a) [a person is deemed to reside in a cantonment if he maintains therein a house or a portion of a house which is at all times available  for occupation by himself of his family even though he may himself reside  elsewhere, provided that he has not abandoned all intention of again ccupying such house either by himself of his family;]

 

(xxiv) "shed" means a slight or temporary structure for shade or shelter,

 

(xxv) "slaughter-house" means any place ordinarily used for the slaughter of animals for the purpose of selling the flesh thereof form human consumption;

 

(xxiv)"street" includes anyway, road, lane, square, court, alley [or passage] in a cantonment, whether a thoroughfare or not and whether built upon or not, over which the public have a right of way and also the road-way or foot-way over any bridge or cause-way;

 

(xxvii)"Vehicle" means a wheeled conveyance of any description which is capable of being used on a street, and includes a motor car, motor lorry, motor omnibus, cart locomotive, tram-car, handcraft, truck, motor cycle, bicycle, tricycle and rickshaw;

 

  (xxviii) "Waterworks" includes all lakes, tanks streams, cisterns, springs,pumps, wells reservoirs, trucks, sluices, mains, pipes, culverts, hydrants, stand pipes  and conduits and all machinery, lands, buildings,  bridges and things used for or intended for the purpose of supplying  water to a cantonment;

 

 

 

 

THE PUBLIC PERMISES [EVICTION OF UNAUTHORISED OCCUPANTS] ACT, 1971

 

DEFINITIONS

  

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-

 

(a)    1[* * * *]

 

(b)    “estates officer” means an officer appointed as such by the Central  Government under Section 3;

 

( c )  “premises” means any land or any building or part of a building and includes.-

 

(i)     the garden, grounds and outhouses, it any, appertaining to such building or part of a building, and

(ii)      any fittings affixed to such building or part of a building for the more beneficial enjoyment thereof;

 

(d)    “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act;

 

(e)    "public premises” means – (1) any premises belonging to, or taken on lease or requisitioned by, or on behalf of, the Central Government, and includes any such premises which have been placed by that Government,     whether before or after the commencement of the Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Amendment Act, 1980, under the control of the Secretariat of either House of Parliament of providing residential accommodation to any member of the staff of that Secretariat;

 

(2)    premises belonging to, or taken on lease by, or on behalf of,-

 

(i)     any company as defined in Section 3 of the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956), in which not less than fifty-one percent, of the paid up share capital is held by the Central Government or nay company which is a subsidiary (within the meaning of that Act) of the first-mentioned company,

 

(ii)      any corporation (not being a company as defined in Section 3 of the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956), or a local authority) established by or under a Central Act and owned or controlled by the Central Government,

 

(iii)     any University established or incorporated by any Central Act,

 

(iv)     any Institute incorporated by the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961 (59 of 1961),

 

(v)      any Board of Trustees constituted under the Major Port Trusts Act, 1963 (38 of 1963),

 

(vi)     The Bhakra Management Board constituted under Section 79 of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966 (31 of 1966), and that Board as and when re-named as the Bhakra Beas Management Board under sub-section (6) of Section 80 of that Act; and

 

(3)    in relation to the Union territory of Delhi,-

 

(i)        any premises belonging to the Municipal Corporation of Delhi, or any municipal committee or notified area committee, and

(ii)    any premises belonging to the Delhi Development Authority, whether such premises are in the possession of, or leased out by, the said Authority;]

 

(f)    “rent “ in relation to any public premises, means the consideration payable periodically for the authorised occupation of the premises, and includes-

 

(i)     any charge for electricity, water or any other service in connection with the occupation of the premises,

(ii)      any tax (by whatever name called) payable in respect of the premises,where such charge or tax is payable by the Central Government or the (statutory authority);

 

(f.a)  “statutory authority”, in relation to the public premises referred to in clause (e) of this section, means:-

 

(i)       in respect of the public premises placed under the control of the Secretariat of either House of Parliament, the Secretariat of the concerned House of Parliament,

 

(ii)      in respect of the public premises referred to in item(i) of sub-clause (2) of that clause, the company or the subsidiary company, as the case may be referred to therein,

 

(iii)     in respect of the public premises referred to in item(ii) of sub-clause (2) of that clause, the corporation referred to therein,

 

(iv)     in respect of the public premises referred to respectively in items (iii), (iv), (v) and (vi) of sub-class (2) of that clause, the University, Institute or Board, as the case may be, referred to therein, and

 

(v)      in respect of the public premises  referred to in sub-clause (3) of that clause, the corporation, committee or Authority, as the case may be, referred to in that sub-clause;]

 

(g)    “unauthorised occupation”, in relation to any public premises, means the occupation by any person of the public premises without authority for such occupation, and includes the continuance in occupation by any person of the public premises after the authority, (whether by way of grant or any other mode of transfer) under which he was allowed to occupy the premises has expired or has been determined for any reason whatsoever.

 

 

THE RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT,  2005.

 

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-

 

(a)    “appropriate Government” means in relation to a public authority which is established, constituted, owned, controlled or substantially financed by funds provided directly or indirectly-

 

(i)          by the Central Government or the Union territory administration, the Central Government;

(ii)         by the State Government, the State Government;

 

(b)    “Central Information Commission” means the Central Information Commission  constituted under sub-section (1) of section 12;

    

(c)    Central Public Information Officer” means the Central Public information Officer designated under sub-section (1) and includes a central Assistant Public Information Officer designated as such under sub-section (2) of section 5;

 

(d)    “Chief Information Commissioner” and “Information Commissioner” mean the Chief Information  Commissioner and Information Commissioner appointed under sub-section (3) of section 12;

 

(e)    “competent authority” means-

 

(i)       the Speaker in the case of the House of the People or the Legislative Assembly of a State or a Union territory having such Assembly and the Chairman in the case of the Council of States or Legislative Council of a State;

(ii)      the Chief Justice of  India in the case of the Supreme Court;

(iii)     the Chief Justice of the High Court in the case of a High Court;

(iv)     the President or the Governor, as the case may be, in the case of other authorities established or constituted  by or under the Constitution;

(v)      the administrator appointed under article 239 of the Constitution;

 

(a)       “information: means any material in any form, including records, documents, memos, e-mails, opinions, advices, press releases, circulars, orders, logbook, contracts, reports, papers, samples, models, data material held in any electronic form and information relating to any private body which can be accessed by a public authority under any other law for the time being in force.

 

(b)      prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act by the appropriate Government or the competent authority, as the case may be;

 

(c)       public authority” means any authority or body or institution of self-government established or constituted

 

(a)              by or under the Constitution;

(b)              by any other law made by Parliament;

(c)              by any other law made by State Legislature;

(d)         by notification issued or order made by the appropriate

             Government, and includes any-

 

  (i)   body owned, controlled or substantially financed;

  (ii)   non-Government organization substantially financed,

directly or indirectly by funds provided by the appropriate Government;

         

(d)      record” includes-

 

(a)               any document, manuscript and file;

(b)               any microfilm, microfiche and facsimile copy of a document;

(c)               any reproduction of image or images embodied in such

              microfilm (whether enlarged or not); and

(d)               any other material produced by a computer or any other     

              device;

 

(e)     right to information” means the right to information accessible under this Act which is held by or under the control of any public authority and includes the right to –

 

(i)          inspection of work, documents records;

(ii)         taking notes, extracts or certified copies of documents or records;

(iii)            taking certified samples or material;

(iv)            obtaining information in the form of diskettes, floppies,    

             tapes, video cassettes or in any other electronic mode or

             through printouts where such information is stored in a  

             computer ot in any other device;

 

(f)       " State Information Commission” means the State Information Commission constituted under sub-section (1) of section 15;

 

(g)      "State Chief Information Commissioner” and “State Information Commissioner” means the State Chief Information Commissioner  and the State Information Commissioner  appointed under sub-section (3) of section 15;

 

(h)       "State Public Information Officer” means the State Public Information  Officer designated under sub-section (1) and includes a State Assistant Public Information Officer designated as such under sub-section (2) of Section 5;

 

(i)       third party” means a person other than the citizen making a request for information and includes a public authority.